Dogs

Pet Shop – DOGS

DOG FOOD:

Products:

  • Montego
    • Products
      • Product Details
  • Royal Canin
    • Products
      • Product Details
  • Vets Choice
    • Products
      • Product Details
  • Jock
    • Products
      • Product Details
  • Eukanuba
    • Products
      • Product Details
  • Hills
    • Products
      • Product Details

ACCESSORIES:

Leads/Harnesses/muzzles:

We carry a range of Rogz harnesses and leads, as well as cat collars and harnesses.

Please have a look at the harness product description for individual further

specialised information. Please ensure you match the right collar and /or harness

with your dog for the most pleasant walking experience.

Where walking your dog has become a fight and you are struggling to control your

dog, please consider am alternative collar like a choke chain and spending a few

Saturdays with a dog trainer to make your walk for both you and your dog the

pleasant experience it should be!

Beds:

Beds and mats aid in cushioning your dog’s joints whilst he is resting and prevent early onset of joint stiffness. There are a variety of beds to choose from both for indoors and outdoors. Our advice is to choose a bed/mat that is easily washed either by washing machine or simply with Sunlight and the hose pipe.

Look at our dog bed products for options.

Drinking and food bowls:

all dogs require food and dog bowls; we have a wide variety. Look at dog bowl products.

Blankets:

Blankets make a comfortable bed and further cushion your dogs’ body. We always have a range of colours and sizes available.

Jerseys:

Most small breed dogs require a dog jersey in the colder winter months. We carry a wide variety for all breeds

Toys:

Balls, Ropes, Tug of war, Plush toys, Squeaky toys. Come instore to have a look. A good preventative for boredom and in cases of puppies an alternative to your fingers, shoes and socks.

Treats:

Ostrich treats, hooves, Dentabyte, Montego Bags of Wags and biscuits, Pro Bono biscuits to name a few treats available for your dog. Treats are important when doing positive reinforcement training with your dog or simply as a well done or spoiling mechanism.

Supplements/

    • Joint and arthritic inflammation care
    • Ear and Eye care
    • Mobivet
    • Gerivet
    • Probiotic
    • Skin inflammation and allergies

medication:

    • Tick and Flea medication
      • Frontline
      • Bravecto
      • Simparica
    • Shoofly spray and gel
    • Anxiety medication
    • Dental toothpaste and gel
    • Bittervert
    • Heptonic

Shampoos:

    • Tick a d flea shampoo
    • Puppy shampoo
    • Mild and gentle shampoo
    • Footsak-is a pheromonal spray that discourages cats/dogs to urinate in that area.
    • Urinary powder
    • Dogrocks
    • Doggy bags and poop scooper
    • Dog brushes and rakes
    • Dog nail clippers

Pet Care – DOGS

Breed

Choose your breed according to your long-term needs. Remember the dog you are choosing will be reliant on you for the next 12-15 years. It is important that you give it the right environment. Large dogs require a daily long walk, a large garden and if a working dog, ie german shepherds, retrievers for example they need more activity and interaction with you and your family. Your home garden and working hours determine this. Also ensure you have adequate funds or insurance for emergency and general veterinary care.

Research, research and discussions with other dog owners can be very helpful if a first-time dog owner.

Make sure you understand the responsibilities of owning a pet.

Food

It is important that your dog receives the right food from the outset. My view is the best food is (a) what you can afford but also what fits into the (b) age of your dog and any special needs your dog may have like allergies(link to allergies below). Read the content make up of feeds on bags, cheaper feeds in retail food stores generally have high maize content, which is a filler. This leads to you feeding larger amounts as they remain hungry, large and frequent dog poos in your garden and lack of the right supplements in the food.

Like us humans’ factors like genetics, proper exercise, good diet and happy home increase a dog’s life span. A bad diet reduces their life and increases chances of ill health. Refer to Puppy Food, Adult Food and Senior Food for age appropriate information. Check information on weight care and supplements, where your dog is overweight. Refer to allergies for more on the treatment of the causes of these in dogs.

Puppy Food:

Most brands differentiate between small breed and large breed puppy food. This is generally for the first 12 months of your puppy’s life and it is essential that the right feed is given. The type of breed your dog is determines what to feed. The reason behind this is the level of protein and fat content. Most hip dysplasia, joint and skeleton problems in later life of your dog can be attributed to wrong feed, however genetics and breeding conditions do also play a critical role. Too much fat and protein for large breed type dogs accelerates growth of the skeleton and therefore creates the joint damage in later life. Small breeds require the higher content of protein for normal growth and development.

When your dog moves to adult food at about 12/14 months of age or as recommended by your vet, some brands do not differentiate in breed size anymore, with the exception of:

Royal Canin, Vets Choice, Jock, Eukanuba, Hills

This is due to the fact that kebble size is the largest change and not necessarily the protein content within adult food.

We recommend that you buy the best brand you can afford at puppy stage as this lays down the key stones for your dog’s overall health for the rest of its life.

PLEASE NOTE: it is dangerous to the health of your senior dog to eat puppy food. Senior dogs cannot process the high fat and protein content in puppy food and this causes long term liver and kidney damage. Key warning factor is blood in the stool of your senior dog and extreme lethargy and drinking large amounts of water.

Small breeds include but are not limited to:

Beagle

Bulldog

Cocker spaniel

Chihuahua

Dachshund

Jack Russell

Toy Pom

Most terriers

Maltese poodle

Pug

Schnauzer

Yorkshire terrier

Large breeds include but are not limited to:

Afrikaner

Boxer

Bull Mastiff

Dalmation

Great Dane

German Shepherd

French Poodle

Labrador

Rottweiler

Retriever

Sheep dog

Adult Food:

Adult food should be introduced at the latest at about 14 months of age. Your choice of brand depends on affordability and any key health issues your dog may have. Where the dog is healthy, we recommend you stay with the brand that you had your dog on as a puppy. There are a variety of choices and all dogs should find a suitable food of choice.

Variations of choice (lamb, ostrich, chicken, tuna, salmon, duck) and the amount of food that you feed depend on the breed, the activity level of your dog and any specialised health issues your dog may have. Where there is a pre-existing health issue; we recommend the advice on feed of your preferred veterinarian.

Usually your dog will stay on adult food until the age of 7 years unless there is a critical reason otherwise, mostly breed

/age related or weight care.

Mini, x-small, medium, large and giant descriptions on food bags refer to the breed size of your dog. This will determine the size of the food kebble, ie a Yorkshire terrier will struggle with eating Giant or Large food kebbles.

Senior Food:

Senior food should be introduced at about the age of 7 years but for the very large breeds like Rottweiler and Great Dane; the earlier introduction at age 5 can have far reaching positive benefits for longevity and quality of life. Senior food contains less protein and fat overall as the liver and kidney functions have slowed down and the large amounts of protein required for activity has also slowed down. Instead larger amounts of muscle and joint supplements are introduced into their diet in the general form of glucosamine. This is vital for joint deterioration and helps with stiffness and pain. Joint supplements have been found to be highly effective in relieving your dog’s arthritic pain. The most common joint supplements for canine arthritis are glucosamine and chondroitin. Glucosamine is effective in pain reduction, joint inflammation reduction, and increased joint mobility. Glucosamine supplements are often paired with chondroitin, which promote joint repair. Overall it improves quality of life for your senior dog.

Where your senior dog is showing increased levels of stiffness and pain even though on senior food, please see your veterinarian immediately. There may be serious underlying conditions, alternatively higher levels of aging supplements need to be added to the normal senior food quantity. Most of these will include a component of MSM , ie methylsufonylmethane which is a popular supplement with a wide variety of uses. Research shows that it may be helpful in reducing joint pain, lowering inflammation, improving skin health, decreasing allergy symptoms and speeding up recovery after exercise.

PLEASE NOTE: where no notable change in pain reduction is seen within 2- 3 weeks, please see your veterinarian immediately.

PLEASE NOTE: it is dangerous to the health of your senior dog to eat puppy food. Senior dogs cannot process the high fat and protein content in puppy food and this causes long term liver and kidney damage. Key warning factor is blood in the stool of your senior dog and extreme lethargy and drinking large amounts of water.

Large breed-age when determined a senior: generally from the age of 6 years but in giant breeds like the Bull Mastiff and Great Dane , they may be considered senior at the age of 5.Factors that affect when you should be changing to senior food is genetics/hereditary factors. Where a dog has not been bred well earlier introduction of senior food and supplements is recommended.

Small breed-age when determined a senior: generally from the age of 7/8 years, however your much smaller breeds like the Yorkshire terrier may only be considered at about 9 years.

Insert the photo of aging

Exercise

All dogs require daily exercise for physical health but also for mental stimulation. Often I have heard but my garden/yard is large ENOUGH !. Consider being disallowed form leaving your home for months at a time. Remember how you felt in lockdown. However tired you are, pick up that lead and take your dog for a walk, find a nearby park or visit further afield. A more physically active dog is a happier dog.

Unfortunately, cooped up dogs become stressed dogs and this stress leads to aggression and ultimately death for the dog, where it attacks someone.

Think about the long-term consequences before you state that garden is big enough.

Veterinary care

Vaccinations, sterilisations and emergency care are some of the general visits you will have to make. Ensure you have planned finances for this and find a veterinarian in your area that you can trust. Remember your animal is in your care and you must ask all the relevant questions and be comfortable with your veterinarian.

Sterilisation

Neutering your male dog and sterilising your female dog is in our opinion a non-negotiable. Considering the large number abandoned animals in the country, indiscriminate breeding and the lack of proper care for nursing female dogs, we advise that this must be done at the earliest at 6 months of age of your puppies’ life. The benefits are reduced chances of cancer in female dogs and an overall improvement of your dog’s length of life.

No accidents can happen, ie your dog impregnating a bitch on heat or your bitch being impregnated which you had not planned for, which leads to all other problems. Female dogs DO NOT require a first litter at all to be a better dog!

Sterilisations also prevent your male dog getting into an accident where a bitch is in heat by trying to get to her under any circumstances, ie strangulation over fence, dog fight or a vehicular accident.

Where you are a recognised and accredited breeder, you will have all the preventative aides in place and be breeding ethically we hope.

Joint care/supplements for dogs: (needs to link anywhere to the keywords,1. Senior dog, 2. Allergies in dogs, 3. Stiffness 4. Joint care,5. Joint inflammation6. Arthritis7. Supplements

Arthritis is the term used for pain and stiffness associated with normal and abnormal (trauma) wear and tear on joints. The cartilage that cushions the joint between bones is worn away faster than it is being replaced. This means bones are wearing directly on bone creating increasing pain levels. Mobility will directly impact your dog’s quality of life. Whilst cartilage cannot be replaced, proper care and supplements do improve mobility.

Key indicators that your dog is suffering from arthritis:

  1. Lying down instead of sitting generally
  2. Not keeping up on walks and tiring easily
  3. Not wanting to go up and down stairs or jumping on bed
  4. Stiffness especially after a long rest/sleep particularly mornings
  5. Growling, whimpering or any aggressive behaviour when touching his joints
  6. Personality changes

Key factors contributing to arthritis are:

  1. Age; the older the dog, the more damage to joint cartilage which creates stiffness.
  2. Weight; the heavier the dog, the more stress is placed on joints and impacts damage leading to pain. Keep your dog lean and do not overfeed. Add weight care and link.
  3. Breed; large breeds like German Shepherds are more prone to earlier and more damaging joint damage. Ensure your dog comes from an approved breeder and you have seen the adults.
  4. Trauma; where a dog has suffered any accident affecting his mobility this will make itself noticeable sooner than later.
  5. Hereditary or congenital effects; if buying a puppy insist on seeing the parents as it will give you a good idea of general health of the dog you are forging a relationship with for the approximate next 15 years.

Key care components for treating arthritis

  1. Veterinary care
  2. Supplements- see below products including glucosamine hydrochloride, chondroitin and omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil. These are some of the more well-known and clinically tested supplements available for joint pain relief in dogs. These supplements work by reducing inflammation, promoting healing, and increasing water retention in the cartilage, which provides more cushioning for the joint. MSM , ie methylsufonylmethane is a popular supplement with a wide variety of uses. Research shows that it may be helpful in reducing joint pain, lowering inflammation, improving skin health, decreasing allergy symptoms and speeding up recovery after exercise.
  3. Weight management, where your dog is overweight please stick with the recommended diet and amounts of food. It takes up to 3 months for any real effects to become noticeable. Do not feed treats and overfeed-your dog does not need these-it only makes YOU feel better and is making your dog’s condition worse!
    1. There are a variety of weight management feeds from most brands to assist with weight loss
      1. Put these here with photo
  4. Exercise
    1. Massage, a gentle daily massage will improve pain levels. Either go to experienced therapist or veterinarian for this or be shown so you can do this yourself at home.
    2. Water treatment- some therapist offers water exercise after trauma or for age related damage. Water cushions the effect of exercise on the joint. Highly effective for severe cases.
    3. Physical therapy-may include both massage, walks and water treatment and more exercise.
    4. General exercise-ensure your dog does exercise every day, his daily walk even if shortened. It also is a positive for their mental and general well-being to be out and about.

The actual products need to include the photo and short description.

  1. Regal
  2. Arthripet
  3. Mobiflex
  4. Gerivet

Health issues in dogs/cats

1.Obesity

Obesity is the fastest and most common killer of dogs. All approved dog food *SABS approved; carries recommended quantities that should be fed to your dog. This is based on age, breed (small breed/large breed), activity and common sense! Quantity cups are available at or store and most good pet stores and veterinarians. The quantity will be described on the packaging and assumes no other food. Therefore, you need to include all the treats and any other food like sandwiches-biltong, biscuits, etc you are giving to your dog in that daily amount. No cheating and feeling sorry for your dog.

It takes up to 3 months for any real effects to become noticeable. Do not feed treats and overfeed-your dog does not need these-it only makes YOU feel better and is making your dog’s condition worse!

    1. There are a variety of weight management feeds from most brands to assist with weight loss
      1. Put these here with photo

2.Allergies

The most common allergy is a skin rash. Common causes are:

a) Washing your dog too frequently. Dogs should not be washed more than once a month. Shampoo dries out the skin and can lead to scratching and opening up an irritated skin area.

b) Bedding, blankets washed with bleach and other very harsh chemicals. The chemicals retained in the bedding can cause skin irritations in your dog.

c) Grass- some dogs love rubbing their underbellies on grass and if done too frequently again cause a rash.

d) Food allergy-just as humans have become more allergic to ingredients like diary and gluten so have animals. Hot spots on dogs’ toes and persistent allergic reactions despite treatment point to a food allergy. You will have to seek veterinary advice.

The solutions can be:

  1. Use the right shampoos and do not wash your dog too frequently.

b) Include a small amount of oil, preferably coconut oil in your dog’s daily food.

c) Massage your dog daily with baby oil, particularly where the most persistent spots are. Oil provides relief to dry skin-again do not wash your dog at all if the skin irritation is severe.

d) Supplements, we have a range of supplements that your dog can take to help with the skin rashes.

d) Where the allergy does not subside despite all the above treatments, you may have a dog with a chronic food allergy. In this case you may need to move to non-allergen dog food which is offered by both Hills and Montego(Field and Forest).

PLEASE NOTE: that this advice does not replace your veterinarian advice but has been helpful in treating most common skin rashes.

3.Tick and flea treatments

It is vital I our climate that during the summer months, your dog is treated for ticks. Tick bite fever is the secondary most common cause of dog deaths in SA. The first being trauma cases. We have a large range of tick and flea bite medication. You should be starting with this treatment not later than September and ending at about the end of March.

4. Behaviour

Over anxiety and nervousness, car sickness. See our Supplements/medication for product information.